Ecosystems aren’t an abstract concept: they’re the space where we live and which surround us, near and far.
Lakes, gardens, forests, oases, but also the cities where we live: each of these spaces has its own specific characteristics, which are defined by the organisms which live there, and the exchange of matter and energy between them. It is this exchange which makes a space an ecosystem, as they ensure the continuation of life.
A VITAL NEED OF ALL THE OTHERS
If this definition doesn’t entirely clarify what we’re talking about, perhaps Andreas Weber will be able to illustrate it more vividly. Biologist and philosopher, the 52-year-old German has published a number of books on ecology, including Matter and Desire. An Erotic Ecology, in which he describes ecosystems as “love processes”. Meaning what, exactly? “An organism, in order to exist, needs other organisms,” he explains. “It needs them in different ways: as partners for reproduction, as food, and for shelter, for example.”
In other words, the life of ecosystems is based on the relationships between their constituent elements. It is this characteristic of interdependence which makes the equilibrium of these relationships fragile, and requires that “every living being, human or not, make space for the others – who we need to survive – so that they too may flourish.” Furthermore, the survival of an ecosystem is based on the awareness that “it is possible to sustain oneself only be allowing others to sustain themselves, too.” These are mechanisms that, according to Weber, resemble those at work in a love story, whose vitality is based on the ability of exchange between partners, and fueled by the ability of the partners to assert themselves individually.
WITHOUT RECIPROCITY THERE IS NO SURVIVAL
Though life is a process of deep reciprocity, the philosopher laments that “today we struggle to notice.” The responsibility, naturally, is our own: “For a long time the recognition of our reciprocity with all other beings was an integral part of human culture. In recent times, however, Western societies have begun to consider humans as the only species of people, while all the others are simply things.”
This approach isn’t just wrong, it’s potentially lethal, considering the interconnections present in ecosystems: “If we think that these things can be used to ensure the existence of humankind, reciprocity ends there.” And with it, life itself: “We cannot live without reciprocity. It would be the mean the end of humankind, spiritually, emotionally and physically.”
WE DEPEND ON THE SMALL WORLD
Without venturing too far into apocalyptic scenarios, we have a duty to consider the role of bees and other pollinating insects in the ecosystems we inhabit, as they are fundamental for biodiversity and agriculture. Though small enough to pass unobserved, they play a vital role in the food system, pollinating crops that become our food. Yet today their survival – and therefore ours – is threatened by the massive use of synthetic pesticides and agricultural policies which are focused exclusively on increasing yield. A process which is detrimental to our health and to biodiversity, and which casts a shadow over our future: because human life, in an ecosystem governed by invisible dynamics like those of a love story, cannot function without pollinating insects.
ECOSYSTEMS AT TERRA MADRE SALONE DEL GUSTO
Ecosystems are at the heart of Terra Madre Salone del Gusto 2020. Not just as an element of the event design, but above all as protagonists in a moral and political debate. In a new geography, food doesn’t have political borders or barriers, but roots. It is the result of journeys, exchange, migration, sharing… ecosystems have similar frailties, and therefore, have common potential solutions to their common problems. But we’ll only be able to find them and implement if we’re able of looking at reality through a new prism, one which goes beyond the idea of nations, and lines drawn on a map by people.
by Marco Gritti, firstname.lastname@example.org